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Module Specifications..

Current Academic Year 2023 - 2024

Please note that this information is subject to change.

Module Title Biomechanics of Human Movement
Module Code MM228
School School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Module Co-ordinatorSemester 1: Garrett McGuinness
Semester 2: Garrett McGuinness
Autumn: Garrett McGuinness
Module TeachersGarrett McGuinness
NFQ level 8 Credit Rating 5
Pre-requisite None
Co-requisite None
Compatibles None
Incompatibles None

To introduce the students to the techniques of human movement and load analysis applicable to gait analysis. To introduce the students to a range of prosthetic and orthotic devices in contemporary use. Application of the biomechanics technique in the design, patient fitting and evaluation of orthopaedic prostheses and orthoses will be illustrated.

Learning Outcomes

1. Identify, describe and explain the primary instrumentation techniques for biomechanical measurement, including anthropometrical measurement techniques
2. State the assumptions underpinning inverse dynamics and forward dynamics mechanical analysis applied to the study of human motion.
3. Analyse human gait mechanics using the inverse dynamics method, based on motion data, forceplate data and anthropometric data. Calculate link segment kinematic quantities, joint reaction forces, moments, energies and power flows. Relate these quantities to prosthesis or orthosis performance.
4. Describe, explain and mathematically represent the relationship between force and velocity for muscle behaviour. Describe and explain the Hill model for muscle behaviour. Develop an equation based on the model to represent muscle function.
5. Explain the principles of operation of mechanical prostheses and orthoses. Describe standard orthotic and prosthetic design features. Explain the principles used to control gait via alignment of prostheses.
6. Conduct a full mechanical analysis from published gait and force plate data, and, working in a group, generate a well organised report presenting and interpreting the results.

Workload Full-time hours per semester
Type Hours Description
Lecture242 hours per week for 12 weeks
Tutorial121 hour per week
Independent Study58Study, problem solving.
Assignment Completion25Project to calculate dynamics, power and energy flows in gait
Laboratory6Computer tutorial session
Total Workload: 125

All module information is indicative and subject to change. For further information,students are advised to refer to the University's Marks and Standards and Programme Specific Regulations at: http://www.dcu.ie/registry/examinations/index.shtml

Indicative Content and Learning Activities

Human Gait Analysis, Gait deviations

Prosthetics and Orthotics
Clinical diagnosis, amputation levels, causes and statistics

Upper and Lower limb prosthetics; Upper and Lower limb Orthoses
Indications, principles and biomechanics; mechanisms; performance for stance and swing phase control; alignment; body and externally powered devices; Orthosis Indications, basic types, force systems;

Instrumentation and Experimental Methods
Anthropometry, Kinematic systems, Force plates, Electromyography (EMG).

Impulse – Momentum Methods
Linear and angular theorems

Link Segment Modelling
Inverse Solution, Power, Energy, Work, Forward Solution

Applications of inverse dynamics
Prosthetic gait, hemiparetic gait, pathological gait

Muscle Mechanics
Force-velocity relationships, muscular power

Assessment Breakdown
Continuous Assessment30% Examination Weight70%
Course Work Breakdown
TypeDescription% of totalAssessment Date
Group assignmentn/a30%Week 12
Reassessment Requirement Type
Resit arrangements are explained by the following categories;
1 = A resit is available for all components of the module
2 = No resit is available for 100% continuous assessment module
3 = No resit is available for the continuous assessment component
This module is category 1
Indicative Reading List

  • D.A. Winter: 2005, Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, 3rd, John Wiley and Sons, 0-471-44989-X
  • Nihat Özkaya, Margareta Nordin; project editor, Dawn L. Leger; with forewords by Victor H. Frankel and Richard Skalak: 1999, Fundamentals of biomechanics, Springer, New York, 0-387-98283-3
Other Resources

Programme or List of Programmes
BMEDB.Eng. in Biomedical Engineering
ECSAStudy Abroad (Engineering & Computing)
ECSAOStudy Abroad (Engineering & Computing)
PBMBSc Physics with Biomedical Sciences
Date of Last Revision15-AUG-05

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